Does the fate of the silvery minnow foretell the Rio Grande’s future?
High Country News, August 3, 2015


On a cloudy May morning after a pre-dawn rainstorm, biologist Kimberly Ward winds through the Albuquerque BioPark’s Aquatic Conservation Facility, one of three hatcheries for endangered Rio Grande silvery minnows. Inside, pet-shop-sized fish tanks hold about 8,000 nearly invisible eggs.

Outside are the 20,000-gallon pools that host the fish after they hatch, as well as a massive concrete “raceway” designed to mimic a river and encourage them to spawn without hormone injections.

There’s always a challenge: Minnows spawn in the raceway, but their eggs get sucked into its intakes. Biologists also struggle with wonky pH levels in the tanks, and bacterial infections can spread. And conditions aren’t much better in the minnow’s natural habitat, the Rio Grande. Sometimes, Ward finds it hard to be optimistic.

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A River Trickles Through It: With some help, the Santa Fe River can be a river again
Santa Fe Reporter, June 3, 2015


“On a gray Saturday morning in mid-May, David Trujillo packs up his gear and 2-year-old son, Oziah, and heads to the Santa Fe River at Don Gaspar and East Alameda. Hand in hand, the two stand in the muddy grass along the riverbank—Oziah in a bright green slicker and skull-and-crossbones galoshes—fishing for rainbow trout.

In anticipation of the annual Children’s Fishing Derby, the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish has stocked the river with 500 rainbows.

Yet Oziah doesn’t look thrilled. And neither do two other kids, outfitted in rain jackets and huddling beneath the bridge in the drizzle. Larry Jaramillo, meanwhile, is close to resplendent. With his two daughters hiding out nearby, he holds up five trout—noting that no, he doesn’t usually get to fish the Santa Fe River.

That’s because trout can’t typically survive this stretch anymore. There isn’t usually enough water.”

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Choosing Life: A series from New Mexico In  Depth
June, 2015

“This series is the culmination of two years of work examining the higher suicide rate among Native American youth, which we found is probably even more severe than official statistics indicate.

We spent so much time on this project because we wanted to delve deep and treat the people we were reporting on with sensitivity and compassion. We tried to listen to feedback from Native Americans and others about how to responsibly report on suicide.

The result is a series that doesn’t shy away from the problem but also attempts to shine light on children who are choosing life, on programs that are working, and on how all of us can help. We hope we’ve contributed something positive to the discussion on an incredibly personal and sensitive topic.”

To read all the stories in the series, visit:

Blowing It: Biologist punished for blowing the whistle on endangered species politics
Santa Fe Reporter, March 18, 2015



“Even though biologists said the dunes sagebrush lizard might need legal protection under the Endangered Species Act, the US government decided three years ago that it would be good enough to help the lizard—found only in the Permian Basin’s oil patch—by relying on the oil and gas industry and ranchers to undertake voluntary conservation efforts.

At the time, New Mexico’s Democratic Sens. Tom Udall and Jeff Bingaman praised the deal as an example for future conservation agreements.

Recently publicized documents show, however, that a top biologist with the US Fish & Wildlife Service questioned the scientific integrity of the decision. Then, officials retaliated against Gary Mowad with a transfer that effectively ended his long career.

“I witnessed what I believed was the Fish & Wildlife Service orchestrating a predetermined decision on the dunes sagebrush lizard listing package,” Mowad tells SFR. When biologists were deciding if the lizard required protection, he says, it was as if a light switch flipped. All of a sudden, he says, “the attitude changed to where Fish &Wildlife needed to do everything and anything it could to avoid listing of the lizard.”

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Touching Chaco: Confront the Lessons of the Past and Consider the Course of the Future
Santa Fe Reporter, March 4, 2015

“On the fall equinox, at the tail end of monsoon season two years ago, dense, dark clouds rumbled into a quadrant of Northern New Mexico’s pale blue sky. Above the two- and three-story ruins at Chaco Culture National Historical Park, the skies were still bright. But the clouds, followed by virga and then by rain, meant the long drive out—14 of the 20 miles back to the highway are unpaved—would be a tricky one.

Until then, we would watch the sky. And walk among the remains of the people who dwelled here in the San Juan Basin during ancient times. Between AD 850 and 1250, thousands lived in Chaco Canyon. They built deep, round kivas underground and monumentally tall structures, with sandstone pieces so elaborately chinked and fitted together that mud mortar has kept them standing for centuries.

In his book Anasazi America, University of New Mexico archaeologist David Stuart writes of how the Chacoan people inhabited 40,000 square miles of the Four Corners region. He explains that the “vast and powerful alliance” between the 10,000 to 20,000 small farming villages and almost 100 district towns or “great houses” was reinforced by economic and religious ties. Hundreds of miles of well-worn ancient pathways, as wide as roads, are still visible from the sky.

The people who lived here also celebrated and mourned. Fell in love, argued with one another and stared up at the stars at night. Their feet touched the warm sandstone. They drew water from a running river and watched sticks burn to coals in their cooking fires.”

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IMG_2004Drilling Deep – KUNM

In 2014 and 2015, I’m exploring natural gas drilling and the burgeoning oil industry in northwestern New Mexico for KUNM. It’s an ambitious series, but I’m looking forward to learning how drilling affects the local economy, as well as the state of New Mexico’s coffers.

What’s happening in the region right now is new and different from the natural gas drilling that’s occurred in the San Juan Basin for more than half a century. (And even though “fracking” has become a national phenomenon, it’s been happening here in the Land of Enchantment for decades.) The industry brings hundreds of millions of dollars into the state, but it also comes with impacts to public health, the environment, communities, and water resources. Throughout the course of this series, I’ll also be exploring how decisions are made, what the planning process is like, and how things like spills, blowouts, or accidents are handled.

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Gila Hiccup: Former Interstate Stream Commission director says group violated the state Open Meetings Act

Santa Fe Reporter, Sept. 22, 2014

IMG_1800“A former director of the New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, Norman Gaume, announced Monday that he’s planning to sue that agency for alleged violations of the state’s Open Meetings Act, and the action might be enough to create a hiccup for a proposal to divert water from the Gila River.

In his letter to the commission that gives notice of the pending court action, Gaume says its Subcommittee on the Gila River Diversion Project has been meeting without giving public notice, without publishing its agendas, and without publishing its minutes.The Interstate Stream Commission has had nearly ten years to decide whether or not to build a diversion on the Gila River in southwestern New Mexico.”

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Cover-MAIN-2.wideaDivert & Conquer: NM’s plans to dam the Gila River are dubious and damn expensive
Santa Fe Reporter, August 14, 2014

“With a lagging economy and a warming climate, New Mexico might be getting ready to spend hundreds of millions of dollars on dim plans to draw water from the Gila River. The state has had a decade to decide: Build diversions, canals and reservoirs to take 14,000 acre feet each year of the river’s waters; or, secure water for farmers, businesses and homes in the sparsely populated southwestern corner of New Mexico through efficiency and conservation.

Now, with a rush of last-minute studies and contradictory results, 10 men are heading toward a vote that could change one of the West’s last wild stretches of river.”

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Endangered Mexican gray wolf at heart of political battle in Southwest
Al Jazeera America, March 13, 2014

“Last year, government agents removed a pair of Mexican gray wolves from the Southwestern United States. They were accused of preying on livestock, and their time in the wild was over. Today the female lives in captivity. The male was killed, but his genetic legacy may live into the future.

“Unfortunately, when he was examined by a veterinarian at a facility in New York, it was determined he had a large mass in his abdomen and had to be euthanized,” said Sherry Barrett, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Mexican wolf recovery coordinator. Working with state and tribal partners, the agency has been trying to recover the species that had been hunted to near extinction in the mid-20th century.

As state and federal political administrations have changed over time, support for the program to recover the Mexican gray wolf population has waxed and waned. Southwestern ranchers remain virulently opposed to the predator. And, like the two captured last year, wolves suspected of feeding on livestock — or that roam outside the official recovery area — are removed from the wild and sometimes killed. But the challenges the program faces run even deeper — and may have more to do with how humans see one another than with how wolves themselves move across the landscape.”

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Refuge Hosts More Than Sandhill Cranes
KUNM, Nov. 21, 2013

“In Socorro County this week, the Festival of the Cranes draws thousands of tourists. Sandhill cranes and snow geese draw the big crowds, but the Bosque del Apache Wildlife Refuge hosts more than just migrating birds.

Six sandhill cranes swirl above us, deciding whether or not they’re going to land. We’re standing at a pullout along Highway 1, south of San Antonio, New Mexico.

“This is great. These are the first ones I’ve seen this year. It’s always so exciting. The first time you hear them, you’re like, ‘They’re back!’” says Leigh Ann Vradenburg, director of the nonprofit Friends of the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge. “For this area, you know, to hear the cranes, to see the cottonwoods, to smell the green chile roasting: that’s when fall hits in Socorro County.”

It’s not just their prehistoric-sounding call that makes the cranes unique. They’re giant and gray, with a red mask. When they come in for a landing, they have this way of hanging their legs out behind them. These birds come down from the northern Rockies, migrating through Colorado’s San Luis Valley, arriving in New Mexico in October. This year, they started arriving during the federal government shutdown.”

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canary_in_the_copper_mine.wideaThe Canary in the Copper Mine (is dead): How New Mexico’s copper industry wrote its own rules
Santa Fe Reporter, May 15, 2013

“Close your eyes, and picture a radical.

Bill Olson is not that guy. With a neat brown beard and a fondness for western shirts and jackets, even the occasional bolo tie, he’s the quintessential water nerd. When asked, over coffee and a blueberry scone, to talk about groundwater, he actually grins. Delightedly.

In short, he’s not exactly the person you’d expect to find at the center of a controversy over New Mexico’s environmental rules.

And yet, here he is.

Olson is a former bureau chief at the New Mexico Environment Department, which regulates how industry impacts the state’s natural resources. Specifically, he has worked to keep groundwater—the underground aquifers that provide most of New Mexico’s drinking water—from becoming contaminated.

“I’m passionate about groundwater and protection issues,” he says. “It’s something that’s important to me.”

It’s early May, and the state has just wrapped up a few grueling weeks’ worth of hearings about a new water pollution rule for copper mines.

To industry, the new rule represents the chance to profit and create jobs in New Mexico. Others see it as an abdication of the state’s responsibility to protect groundwater—and a move to hand over the public’s water to private companies.”

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july 161

Saving fish from a drying river
KUNM, July 18, 2012

“The monsoon rains arrived this month, but it’s still hot and dry in New Mexico.

The ongoing drought is placing stress on the state’s rivers and streams, including the Rio Grande. And while cities and farmers still receive their shares of water, each summer, one user gets left out—the Rio Grande itself. Like it has every summer for the past decade, the Rio Grande downstream of Albuquerque is drying.

Early each morning Jason Remshardt, supervisory fish biologist with the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s (FWS) New Mexico Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office, receives a call letting him know how many miles of the river dried overnight. “They give me a call,” he says, “and say, ‘‘Hey this is where you have to go today,’ and we load up and come to the river.”

Before the monsoons arrived, some 30 miles of riverbed had dried. On Tuesday, only about a mile of river had dried.

The biologists head out to the river, looking for pools of water—some the size of a computer keyboard, others the size of a couch—then check for fish trapped within them.”

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